1941 - 1999
Italy turns to natural gas and builds import pipelines
Snam (Società Nazionale Metanodotti) has provided integrated natural gas supply, transportation and sale services in Italy since 1941. It gradually put together an intricate system of methane pipelines, covering the whole of Italy, and built important pipelines that today allow the country to import from different areas: Russia, the Netherlands, Algeria, the North Sea and Libya. In 1971, Snam designed and built Italy’s first liquefied natural gas (LNG) regasification plant at Panigaglia, in the Gulf of La Spezia.
2000 - 2008
Snam Rete Gas is born from the unbundling of the transportation business
Snam Rete Gas was incorporated on 15 November 2000 to house all of Snam’s Italian LNG transportation, dispatching and regasification activities. The unbundling of these activities was decided pursuant to the Letta Decree (164/2000), which transposed the European Directive on the liberalisation of the European gas market. On 6 December 2001, after the Electricity and Gas Authority issued a resolution establishing the criteria for defining transportation tariffs, Snam Rete Gas was floated on the stock exchange.
2009 - 2011
Snam enters the storage and distribution business
In 2009, Snam acquired 100% of Stogit, Italy’s largest natural gas storage field operator, and 100% of Italgas, the country’s biggest gas distributor.
This added the other two regulated gas activities in Italy to Snam’s offering: storage and distribution. The June 2009 transaction turned Snam into a key integrated regulated gas activities operator, and the largest by regulatory asset base (RAB) in mainland Europe.
Snam operates with new ownership structure
On 1 January 2012, the Company changed its name from Snam Rete Gas to Snam and transferred the gas transportation business to a new company, which inherited the respected Snam Rete Gas name. Snam now wholly owns the four operating companies (Snam Rete Gas, GNL Italia, Stogit and Italgas). The ownership unbundling from Eni was completed on 15 October 2012 through the sale of approximately 30% of Snam’s capital to CDP Reti S.r.l.
Snam expands its range of action in Europe
Having acquired 31.5% of Interconnector UK as part of a joint venture with Fluxys, Snam (45%), alongside Singapore sovereign wealth fund GIC (35%) and EDF (20%), successfully completed the acquisition of TIFG from Total in July 2013. TIGF is active in the gas transportation and storage segment in south-west France, with a 5,000-km gas transportation network and two storage fields. The transaction represents another step forwards on Snam’s pathway of international growth, with the aim of generating value from its industrial capacity in integrated management of natural gas transportation and storage infrastructure.