Environmental and health and safety aspects

Future objectives and results achieved





2020 performance






Percentage reduction of Scope 1 and Scope 2 greenhouse gas emissions (vs 2018)


-50% al 2030 (vs. 2018)


NET ZERO al 2040

Percentage reduction of total natural gas emissions (vs 2015) (*)


-36% al 2023 (vs. 2015)



-45% al 2025 (vs.2015)

Percentage of natural gas recovered from maintenance activities (**)


>40% of last five years average value till 2023



Land protection & biodiversity




Percentage of vegetation restoration of the natural and semi-naturale areas involved in the construction of the pipeline routing


>99% until 2023

Figure available from 2021


New businesses – Green Innovation




Production of biomethane


141 mln m3 by 2023

0.44 mln m3

Cumulative number of CNG and LNG stations


167 by 2023


Supply of LNG Volumes from SSLNG infrastructure


250 kton by 2023

Figure available from 2021

Reduction of CO2eq emissions from energy efficiency interventions


43 kton by 2023

5 kton


Energy savings of operational management




MWh of electricity production by photovoltaic systems


>860 MWh by 2023

872 MWh

Increase electricity purchased from renewable sources


55% by 2030


Trigeneration plants


5,200 MWh by 2022

1,966 MWh

High-efficiency heat generators (***)


110 MW by 2025

81 MW

Improvement of the energy efficiency of buildings


Renovate to achieve annual savings of 75,000 m3 of gas and 210 MWh of electricity by 2022

15,000 m3 of gas and 65 MWh of electricity

Installation of LED lightning systems


Replace 534 kW with 1,860 MWh savings by 2022

450 kW installed 1,107 MWh saved

Percentage of retrofit & methane-fuelled cars out of total car fleet


61% by 2023







IpFG (Combined Frequency & Severity Index)


< of the average of the last 5 years until 2023


No. of HS remarks / no. of total Audits conducted (external and internal)


< of the average of the last 5 years until 2023

52 remarks / 193 audits 0.27

(*) The KPI was aligned with the indications provided by the UN OGMP 2.0 protocol.

(**) The KPI was reprogrammed with a more challenging target (value understood as average of the last 5 years).

(***) The KPI was reprogrammed with a more challenging target.

ESG scorecard KPI entered in the ESG Scorecard

NET ZERO KPI entered in the Net Zero Carbon Strategy

Material topics and risks related to the environment, health and safety

Climate change: as it operates in the energy sector, Snam is aware of its role in the fight against climate change. As outlined in the new Towards Net Zero strategy, the Group sets itself challenging targets in reducing emissions and improving energy efficiency to ensure an ever-smaller impact on climate change. The Company promotes collaborations between energy sector businesses in order to jointly achieve the common goal of carbon neutrality. Snam promotes more sustainable business management through the use and production of energy from renewable sources, with regard to the development of green gases (biomethane and hydrogen).

Green business: Snam has integrated new businesses (biomethane, sustainable mobility, energy efficiency and hydrogen) into its operations, aimed at fostering decarbonisation and positioning Snam as an enabler of the energy transition for Italy as a country.

Health and safety: the safety of its staff is an essential factor that governs Snam’s daily activities, and one that has taken on even greater significance in 2020 following the Covid-19 pandemic. Snam annually monitors current, potential and emerging risks in order to mitigate and prevent accidents in the workplace and the impacts on people’s health.

Protecting the local area and biodiversity: Snam is committed to protecting the biodiversity of the areas it operates in, carrying out its activities efficiently and responsibly and minimising their impact on the environment, particularly during infrastructure construction processes. The landscape and local areas where the Group’s plants and sites are located are safeguarded through inspection and monitoring activities as well as through policies aimed at protecting the soil, subsoil and aquifers.

Air quality protection and the management of waste and water resources are issues that were not categorised as material by the materiality analysis, but are nonetheless supervised by Snam. Concerning air protection, the only significant emissions are nitrogen oxides that derive mainly from the combustion of natural gas in gas turbines installed in the compression plants (thrust and storage). In order to minimise these emissions, a programme has been launched over the years to replace conventional turbines with low-emission turbines (DLE), which, to date, has replaced almost all of the turbines (all our storage sites were run with low-emission units). Water management was not deemed a material topic either as only small quantities of water resources are used, mainly in the operations of the GNL Italia regasification plant and for sanitary and horticultural use. Similarly, waste management was also not categorised as a material topic, considering the limited amount of waste produced by the company’s operations, which for the large part are not dangerous.

Risks and material topics related to environmental, health and safety aspects



Material topics


  • Risks associated with climate change that entail a reduction in gas demand
  • Climate Change
  • Green business


Risk of breach of laws and regulations in relation to health and safety of workers

  • Health and safety


Risk of breakages, lesions or malfunctions, also following external events, that can cause an unforeseen interruption of the service or delays in the advancement of infrastructure creation programmes

  • Protecting the local area and biodiversity
  • Health and safety

For a complete description of the risks, please refer to “Risks factors and uncertainties” contained in the “Risk management” section in the Integrated Management Report.

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